Introduction: Top 10 Freedom Fighters of India
India’s turmoil for independence from the British is a story of sacrifice, courage, and unwavering determination. The sacrifices made by several Fighters for freedom paved the way for India’s Sovereignty. The true heroes of India are freedom fighters and this article is based on the Top 10 Freedom Fighters of India. The country’s freedom possessed was not always possible.
Behind the liberation is the struggle of our brave fighters, who sacrificed their own lives for countries future. Before 15 August 1947, there was a chaotic history of horrible uprisings, movements led by thousands of brave and patriotic Indian independence fighters who fought alongside the British for India’s independence. The article will delve into the history and struggle of the top 10 freedom fighters of India.
1. Mahatma Gandhi-Top 10 Freedom Fighters of India
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an Indian Lawyer who employed nonviolent resistance to lead the successful campaign for India’s Independence from British rule. Inspired by Civil Rights and freedom across the world. The esteemed Mahatma Gandhi followed truth and non-violence principles all his life. Gandhi’s forecast of an independent India based on religious pluralism was challenged in the early 1940s during British rule. His brave work concluded his name in the Top 10 Freedom Fighters of India.
In August 1947, Britain granted India’s Independence, But the new India was partitioned into two countries. A Hindu-Majority Pakistan. As Many displaced Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs made their way to their new lands, religious violence broke out. Especially in Punjab and Bengal. Gandhiji visited those affected areas, attempting to alleviate distress. He also undertook several hunger strikes to stop religious violence.
The last such strike has begun in Delhi on 12 January 1948 when he was 78, where Nathuram Godse, a militant Hindu nationalist from Pune, Western India assassinated Gandhi by firing three bullets in chests in an interfaith prayer meeting on 30 January 1978. Gandhi’s birthday is celebrated as a national festival on 2nd October in India and also as the International Day of Nonviolence worldwide. Gandhiji is one of the top 10 freedom fighters in India who sacrificed and worked rigorously before and after the Nation’s Independence. He is also commonly called Bapu.
2. Jawaharlal Nehru-Top 10 Freedom Fighters of India
Jawaharlal Nehru born on November 14, 1889, was a prominent leader and also the first Prime minister of Independent Inia. He played a very important role in shaping Indian policy and regulations post-independence. Nehru’s future forecast of a modern and democratic India was the base foundation for the country’s development. His dedication to secularism and international peace left a lasting impact on Indian Society.
Nehru was a central figure in India during the middle third of the 20th century. He is the first Indian prime Minister of India serving for 16 years. Nehru promoted parliamentary democracy, secularism, and science and technology during the 1950s, powerfully influencing India’s arc as a modern nation. Jawaharlal Nehru the son of Motilal Nehru, a respected lawyer, and Indian nationalist, Jawaharlal Nehru was educated in England and trained at the inner temple. He was a barrister when returned to India.
He is one of the top 10 freedom fighters in India who sacrificed his life for the country’s future and well-being. Nehru advocated the Idea of a secular nation-state in 1937, Nehru hailed for complete independence from British Raj. Nehru and the Congress Party dominated Indian politics during the 1930s.
3. Subhas Chandra Bose
Subhas Chandra Bose, fondly known as Netaji, was one of the most important leaders of India’s struggle for independence. Born on January 23, 1897, in Cuttack, Orissa, Candra Bose’s unwavering dedication and radical approach toward freedom made him an important figure in Indian history. Subhas Chandra Bose belonged to a well-to-do Bengali family. He was gifted brilliance from an early age and was deeply influenced by the teachings of legendary Swami Vivekananda.
Bose’s hunt for knowledge led him to study at Presidency College, Calcutta, and later at Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge, in England. He displayed an impeccable interest in political activism and was significantly impacted by the prevailing Indian nationalist movements. Bose was a charismatic and dynamic leader known for his fierce determination.
He is one of the top 10 freedom fighters of India who fought for independence through more radical means and played a significant role in organizing the Indian National Army (INA) in alliance with the Axis powers during World War II. Bose’s slogan “Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom” inspired Indians to join the struggle for independence.
4. Bhagat Singh-Top 10 Freedom Fighters of India
Bhagat Singh, the revolutionary and fearless martyr, is a symbol of sacrifice, courage, and unwavering commitment to India’s struggle for independence. Born on September 28, 1907, in Banga, Punjab, he became an iconic figure in the fight against British colonial rule. Bhagat Singh fearlessly challenged British rule.
He was completely committed to the cause of freedom and sacrificed his life for it at a young age and was one of the Top 10 Freedom Fighters in India. Singh’s involvement in acts of resistance, such as the bombing of the Central Legislative Assembly, made him a symbol of bravery and patriotism. Bhagat Singh was born into a family with a history of political involvement.
His father, Kishan Singh Sandhu, was an influential freedom fighter, and the environment at home greatly influenced young Bhagat’s nationalist sentiments. He was deeply inspired by the sacrifices made by his family members and other freedom leaders of the time, which kindled his passion for India’s independence struggle.
5. Sarojini Naidu-Top 10 Freedom Fighters of India
Sarojini Naidu’s poetic talents were recognized early, and she started writing at a tender age. Her first collection of works, “The Golden Threshold,” in 1905, received widespread recognition. Her poems showcased her deep love for India, nature, and her passion for social reform. Naidu’s lyrical quality in her poems, and she was often compared to the legendary poet Rabindranath Tagore.
Sarojini Naidu, born on February 13, 1879, was a poet Speaker, and a prominent female leader in the Indian National Congress and one of the Top 10 Freedom Fighters of India. Known as the “Nightingale of India,” she used her literary talents to inspire people for freedom. Sarojini’s contribution to India’s independence movement was invaluable, and she was a vocal advocate for women’s rights.
Naidu’s powerful orientations played a crucial role in awakening the masses and spreading the message of nonviolent resistance against the British tyrant. Sarojini Naidu represented India at the First and Second Round Table Conferences in London in 1930 and 1931. Her dedication reflected her diplomatic skills and ability to represent India’s interests on the international stage. She eloquently presented India’s demands for self-governance and highlighted the need for a united and independent India.
6. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel-Top 10 Freedom Fighters of India
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was born on October 31, 1875, and was one of the top 10 freedom fighters in India known for his political acumen and statesmanship. He played an important role in uniting the princely states and integrating them into independent India.
Patel’s efforts in preventing the disintegration of India earned him the title “Iron Man of India”. Born on October 31, 1875, in Nadiad, Gujarat, Patel was a revolutionary statesman and a unifying force in the nation-building process. Patel joined the Indian National Congress and played a crucial role in India’s struggle for independence.
He actively participated in various movements, including the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Salt Satyagraha, working with Mahatma Gandhi and other freedom fighters. Patel’s determined commitment to nonviolence and civil disobedience earned him the title of “Sardar” or “Leader” from the people.
7. Lala Lajpat Rai-Top 10 Freedom Fighters of India
Lala Lajpat Rai was born on January 28, 1865. He is one of the top 10 freedom fighters in India known for his dedication to Swadeshi and the fight against British oppression. He actively participated in various nationalist movements and inspired people against colonial rule. As a member of the Indian National Congress, Sardar Patel played an important role in the negotiations with the British during India’s independence struggle.
His diplomatic skills and statesmanship were instrumental in convincing princely states to align with independent India, thereby making the way for the country’s unification. After India gained independence in 1947, the country was divided into several states. It was Sardar Patel’s amazing task to integrate these states into independent India. Through negotiations, persuasion, and occasionally using force, Patel successfully integrated over 500 princely states into the Indian Union, ensuring the territorial integrity of the nation.
8. Annie Besant
Annie Besant was born on October 1, 1847, was a British woman who became a strong supporter of India’s freedom movement. She was deeply involved in Indian politics, advocating for self-rule and social reforms. Annie’s contributions to the Society and her collaboration with Indian leaders earned her a place of honour in India’s struggle for independence. Hence her name is included in the list of Top 10 Freedom Fighters of India.
Annie Besant was raised in a deeply religious and conservative menage. However, her mind and independent spirit led her to question traditional beliefs. She eventually embraced atheism and socialism, becoming an influential speaker and writer on these subjects. Besant’s passion for social justice and human rights laid the foundation for her later involvement in India’s freedom movement.
Annie Besant’s love for India and its people grew during her visit to the country. She religiously advocated for Indian culture, traditions, and spirituality, making her a respected figure among Indians. Besant believed that India’s spiritual heritage and cultural richness were vital elements in the country’s hunt for independence.
9. Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, born on November 11, 1888, is one of the top 10 freedom fighters in India and a prominent scholar and senior leader in the Indian National Congress. He played a crucial role in promoting Hindu-Muslim unity and was a strict advocate of secularism.
Azad’s contributions to education and his efforts to foster communal harmony were marvellous. Abul Kalam Azad was born into a family of scholars and an Islamic Orthodox family. At a young age, he displayed exceptional intellect and a passion for seeking information.
His family relocated to India when he was a child, and Azad continued his education in Calcutta (now Kolkata). He mastered several languages, including Arabic, Persian, Urdu, and English, which enabled him to study and connect with a range of people.
10. Rani Laxmibai
Rani Lakshmibai, popularly known as the “Rani of Jhansi,” was an important figure and a leading warrior in India’s struggle against British colonial rule. Born as Manikarnika Tambe on November 19, 1828, in Varanasi, she became a tremendous symbol of bravery and resistance during the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
During the battle, Rani Lakshmibai’s horse was shot from under her, but she continued to fight on foot. Her bravery and resolve made her a formidable adversary. Unfortunately, she was mortally wounded in the battle and eventually succumbed to her injuries. Though she died on June 17, 1858, her legacy as a fierce warrior and patriot lives on.
Rani Lakshmibai, born on November 19, 1828, was the Queen of the princely state of Jhansi. While her role fuels the formal independence movement, her brave action during the Indian Rebellion of 1857 inspired generations of freedom fighters. Her courage and determination to defend her kingdom against British rule made her an iconic figure in India’s freedom struggle. And so she is popular as one of the Top 10 Freedom Fighters in India.
The commitment of these ten freedom fighters and countless others was helpful in India’s struggle for independence. Each of them, in their specific way, imparted the spirit of self-sacrifice and dedication to the cause of freedom. Their legacy continues to inspire and remind us of the immense sacrifices made to secure the independence of our nation. We must cherish and uphold their values of unity, nonviolence, and justice to build a developed and prosperous India.
These are the top 10 freedom fighters of India – from Mahatma Gandhi and Rani LaxmiBai to Chandra Shekhar Azad and Sarojini Naidu – whose dedication has helped shape this exceptional country into what it is today!
FAQs related to the top 10 freedom fighters of India
Q1. Who is called the father of the Nation?
Gandhiji is one of the top 10 freedom fighters in India who sacrificed and worked rigorously before and after the Nation’s Independence. He is also commonly called Bapu. The esteemed Mahatma Gandhi followed truth and non-violence principles all his life.
Q2. Which Freedom fighter knew many languages?
Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad mastered several languages, including Arabic, Persian, Urdu, and English, which enabled him to study and connect with a range of people.
Q3. Who helped in princely state eradication and promoted an independent new India?
Sardar Valabhhbhai Patel played an important role in uniting the princely states and integrating them into independent India. Patel’s efforts in preventing the disintegration of India earned him the title “Iron Man of India”.
Q4. Which Freedom fighter inspired Indians through her speech?
Sarojini Naidu used her literary talents to inspire people for freedom. Sarojini’s contribution to India’s independence movement was invaluable, and she was a vocal advocate for women’s rights
Q5. Which Freedom fighter said, “Give me blood and I shall give you freedom”?
Subhas Chandra Bose’s significant role in organizing the Indian National Army (INA) in alliance with the Axis powers during World War II. Bose’s slogan “Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom” inspired Indians to join the struggle for independence.
Learn about the top 10 freedom fighters of India who have fought for social justice and liberation! From Mahatma Gandhi to leader Muktirodini Devi Khobragade, these remarkable individuals have made a huge impact on the country’s history.